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Thursday, July 23, 2020 | History

2 edition of Induced mutations for disease resistance in crop plants found in the catalog.

Induced mutations for disease resistance in crop plants

Research Co-ordination Meeting on Induced Mutations for Disease Resistance in Crop Plants Novi Sad, Yugoslavia 1973.

Induced mutations for disease resistance in crop plants

proceedings of a Research Co-ordination Meeting on Induced Mutations for Disease Resistance in Crop Plants

by Research Co-ordination Meeting on Induced Mutations for Disease Resistance in Crop Plants Novi Sad, Yugoslavia 1973.

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  • 27 Currently reading

Published by International Atomic Energy Agency in Vienna .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Plants -- Disease and pest resistance -- Genetic aspects -- Congresses.,
  • Plant mutation breeding -- Congresses.

  • Edition Notes

    Statementorganized by the Joint FAO/IAEA Division of Atomic Energy in Food and Agriculture and the Swedish International Development Authority and held in Novi Sad, 4-8 June 1973.
    SeriesPanel proceedings series, Panel proceedings series.
    ContributionsJoint FAO/IAEA Division of Atomic Energy in Food and Agriculture., Sweden. Styrelsen för internationell utveckling.
    Classifications
    LC ClassificationsSB750 .R47 1973
    The Physical Object
    Pagination193 p. :
    Number of Pages193
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL5232805M
    LC Control Number75303064

    Plant disease resistance protects plants from pathogens in two ways: by pre-formed structures and chemicals, and by infection-induced responses of the immune system. Relative to a susceptible plant, disease resistance is the reduction of pathogen growth on or in the plant (and hence a reduction of disease), while the term disease tolerance describes plants that exhibit little disease damage.   Somaclonal variation and induced mutations in crop movement (current plant science and biotechnology in agriculture, 32), Softcover reprint of hardcover 1st ed. Current Plant Science and Biotechnology in Agriculture Series, Vol. 32 Coordinators: Jain S.M., Brar D.S., Ahloowalia :

    Institute of Crop Science, Zhejiang University, , Hangzhou, China Interests: rice mutation breeding; mutation genetics; mutation genomics; rice biotechnology. I have been in charge of research projects involving genomic studies on induced mutant plants, mutant gene cloning using MutMap and other next-generation genome sequencing techniques, and rice breeding using advanced technologies. Plant breeders usually want to combine the useful features of two plants. For example, they might add a disease-resistance gene from one plant to another that is high-yielding but disease-susceptible, while leaving behind any undesirable genetic traits of the disease-resistant plant, such as poor fertility and seed yield, susceptibility to.

      Unraveling and exploiting mechanisms of disease resistance in cereal crops is currently limited by their large repeat-rich genomes and the lack of genetic recombination or cultivar (cv)-specific sequence information. We cloned the first leaf rust resistance gene Rph1 (Rph1. a) from cultivated barley (Hordeum vulgare) using “MutChromSeq,” a recently developed molecular genomics tool Cited by:   The three chickpea mutants, namely, Pusa (Ajay), Pusa (Atul) and Pusa (Girnar) developed by the author at I.A.R.I, New Delhi & released by the Govt. of India for commercial cultivation in , are the first ever examples of direct use of induced micro-mutants as improved cultivars in a food legume crop in the world.


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Induced mutations for disease resistance in crop plants by Research Co-ordination Meeting on Induced Mutations for Disease Resistance in Crop Plants Novi Sad, Yugoslavia 1973. Download PDF EPUB FB2

In-vitro-Induced Mutations for Disease Resistance. Authors; Authors and affiliations Gengenbach, B.G., C.E. Green and C.M. Donovan. Inheritance of selected pathotoxin resistance in maize plants regenerated from callus culture.

Jain S.M., Brar D.S., Ahloowalia B.S. (eds) Somaclonal Variation and Induced Mutations in Crop Cited by: 6. desirable properties of many plants in one plant, instead of just choosing between good and bad plants.

This method, often supplemented by germplasm derived from induced mutation, has become the most common one for breeding plants through sexual reproduction. However, some crops—including bananas, apples, cassava, and sugar cane—reproduceFile Size: KB.

Get this from a library. Induced mutations for disease resistance in crop plants II: proceedings of a research co-ordination meeting. [Joint FAO/IAEA Division of Isotope and Radiation Applications of Atomic Energy for Food and Agricultural Development.;]. Get this Induced mutations for disease resistance in crop plants book a library.

Induced mutations for disease resistance in crop plants: proceedings of a Research Co-ordination Meeting on Induced Mutations for Disease Resistance in Crop Plants. [Joint FAO/IAEA Division of Atomic Energy in Food and Agriculture.; Sweden. Styrelsen för.

To test the possibility of artificially inducing resistance to rust in a susceptible wheat and to ascertain whether the dominance or recessiveness of the resistant reaction influences in any way the observed result, M/sub 2/ and M/sub 3/ progenies of the bread wheat variety C treated with different mutagens were screened for resistance to ra 40, and 42 of stem rust.

However, plant breeders have successfully recombined the desired genes from cultivated crop gerrnplasm and related wild species by sexual hybridization, and have been able to develop new cultivars with desirable agronomie traits, such as high yield, disease, pest, and drought resistance.

MILESTONES - First proof of induced mutations in plants; radium ray treatment of Datura stramonium (Gager and Blakeslee). - Muller working with Drosphila provides proof of mutation induction by X-rays that induced mutation for animal and plant breeding and opens a new era in genetics and breeding.

- Stadler in first used X. The largely deleterious nature of mutations and the detri- mental effects of mutations occurring in the background genotype are offset to a considerable THE ROLE OF INDUCED MUTATIONS IN PLANT IMPROVEMENT degree in floricultural species where novelty is of value in itself and "yield" is not as important as it is in agricultural by: Induced Mutations and Crop Improvement induced mutations have contributed immensely to the development of improved varieties in several crop plants.

Cellular and molecular biology tools have. Induced mutations will continue to have an increasing role in creating crop varieties with traits such as modified oil, protein and starch quality, enhanced uptake of specific metals, deeper.

Somaclonal Variation and Induced Mutations in Crop Improvement by S. Mohan Jain,available at Book Depository with free delivery worldwide.5/5(1). Unlike basic resistance or specific quantitative resistance, qualitative resistance is often non-durable: selection pressure of the resistant host plants can lead to single mutations of the bacterial avr-genes, which can result in a new race of the pathogen unrecognizable by the host plant, and, therefore, capable of causing by: 3.

The role of induced mutations in the breeding of crop and ornamental plants since is reviewed in detail and reference is made to earlier work in this field, which was initiated in the s. The book is divided into 23 chapters in which information is presented on the following: methods of inducing mutations; selection of mutant genes; seed production of mutants; use of mutants in cross Cited by: In azaleas and chrysanthemums, approximately 50% of cultivars have been derived from natural sports or induced mutations (Heursel, ; Preil, ).

Since the s mutation induction has been applied to ornamental by: variety crop plants like vegetables, pulses, medicinal aromatic, fuel oil and ornamental plants. The book that Dr. Datta compiled presents the results of important achievements on induced mutagenesis in different countries.

I hope that the book will serve as a valuable reference book to all those who are interested in induced mutagenesis Size: KB. Induced Mutation in Tropical Fruit Trees May IAEA-TECDOC Induced Mutation in Tropical Fruit Trees such as disease resistance/tolerance, improved quality (such as nutrition, processing or fibre through Induced Mutations and Biotechnology’ was initiated in and concluded in @article{osti_, title = {Radiation-induced mutations and plant breeding}, author = {Naqvi, S.H.M.}, abstractNote = {Ionizing radiation could cause genetic changes in an organism and could modify gene linkages.

The induction of mutation through radiation is random and the probability of getting the desired genetic change is low but can be increased by manipulating different parameters.

ADVERTISEMENTS: Here is an essay on ‘Plant Breeding for Disease Resistance’ for class 9, 10, 11 and The main hindrance to higher yield is the susceptibility of plants towards disease caused by fungi, bacteria and viruses and to insects and pests.

There are various physical, chemical and biological methods for disease control but the [ ]. The genetics of resistance, the genetics of patho-genicity, the host-parasite relationship and the induction of mutations are briefly reviewed.

The examples of induced mutations briefly discussed in the following section include resistance to Helminthosporium (Cochliobolus) victoriae and to Puccinia graminis in oats, to P. graminis, P. striiformis and P. recóndita in wheat, to Erysiphe Cited by: 4. Genetic variability is an important parameter for plant breeders in any con ventional crop improvement programme.

Very often the desired variation is un available in the right combination, or simply does not exist at all. However, plant breeders have successfully recombined the desired genes from cultivated crop gerrnplasm and related wild species by sexual hybridization, and have been able to.

Somaclonal Variation and Induced Mutations in Crop Improvement (Current Plant Science and Biotechnology in Agriculture) and a great selection of related .Methods such as TILLING (Targeting Induced Local Lesions in Genomes), Zinc finger nuclease mediated mutagenesis, and the use of meganucleases, has allowed us to produce targeted mutations in crop plants to delineate gene function as well as improve cultivars.

.All workss possess active defense mechanism mechanisms against pathogen onslaught. But when the works is infected by a virulent pathogen these mechanisms fail, because the pathogen avoids the effects of activated defense mechanisms. If defense mechanism mechanisms are triggered by a stimulus anterior to infection by a works pathogen, disease can be reduced.